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Unit 1: VoiceOver Basics Answers.

Basics Lesson 1: Orientation and Basics, Section 6

  1. What is the difference between Portrait and Landscape orientation?
  2. Your iOS Device is in Landscape Orientation when its long sides are horizontal. To be in Portrait orientation the long sides must be vertical and the "Home" button must be at the bottom of the display.

  3. With your iOS Device held in Portrait orientation, where is the wake/sleep button, and what does it do?
  4. In portrait orientation this button is near the top right corner of the iOS Device. There are three functions of interest here.

    • When your iOS Device is off, holding down this button for several seconds begins the power up sequence. Remember, you will get no audible signal until the end of the boot process. So be patient.
    • Press the button quickly to lock or unlock the screen.
    • Hold the button down to power off your iOS Device.

  5. What technique have we learned so far to turn VoiceOver on and off on your iOS Device?
  6. Hold down the Home button until you here the double bell tone. Then say "VoiceOver on," or "VoiceOver off." When you turn VoiceOver off, Siri may not confirm the action is complete. Your iOS Device may simply stop talking.

  7. What is an icon, and what is a folder? What is the one thing folders can do that other icons cannot?
  8. An icon is a small picture you can Activate to launch a program. VoiceOver will say the name of the program associated with the icon.

    A folder is a special type of icon that can contain other icons. This is useful because similar programs can be put in a single folder. This helps to keep your display organized.

  9. What are VoiceOver gestures? What is the one gesture discussed so far and how do you do it?
  10. Gestures are made by tapping or moving your fingers around the screen. So far we've covered the Explore gesture. Place your finger on the display and move it around while maintaining contact with the screen.

  11. Where is the Status Bar? Use the Explore gesture with your finger. How many items are on it? If your iOS Device supports cellular service, determine how many bars of cellular signal strength you have. How much battery power is left?
  12. The Status bar goes across the top of the active display. You can count the number of items by moving your finger slowly from left to right. Be careful not to drift down below the Status bar. You're iOS Device will "chirp" if you do. If your device has celular capability, the celular signal strength indicator is first on the Status bar. VoiceOver will announce "X of 5 bars." The battery charge indicator is the last item. It's to the right.

  13. How can you adjust the VoiceOver volume using what we’ve talked about so far?
  14. Use the volume buttons on the side of your iOS Device. Remember VoiceOver needs to be speaking when you make the adjustment.

  15. How many items are on the starting page of your Home Screen? Name at least three
  16. You can count them using the explore gesture and moving your finger across each row of the grid.

  17. Where is the Dock? What are its similarities with, and differences from the Home Screen? Name the items on the Dock from left to right.
  18. The dock goes across the bottom of the active display. It is a grid like the Home Screen, but it has only one row. As you change from page to page of the Home Screen, the items in the Dock always remain visible.

Basics Lesson 1: Orientation and Basics, Section 10: Exercises.

  1. Using the Explore gesture try to find the battery level indicator. Hint, it’s in the Status Bar. How much battery power do you have left?
  2. Simply move your finger across the display to use the Explore gesture. Don't break contact with the display's surface. Remember to go slow so you hear everything VoiceOver has to say. The Battery Power indicator is all the way on the right side of the Status Bar.

  3. Use the Explore gesture again to find the “Mail" icon. Then use Where Am I to have VoiceOver tell you it’s exact location.
  4. Move your finger around the display until you hear VoiceOver say "mail." Then lift your finger from the display. The Mail icon will be the current item. The Where Am I gesture is a three finger single tap. VoiceOver will tell you the icon's position. You should find mail in the Dock.

  5. Use the Next Item gesture to find what icon comes after Mail.
  6. The Next Item gesture i a single finger flick right.

  7. Use the Previous Item gesture to find out what icon comes before Reminders.
  8. The Previous Item gesture is a single finger flick left.

  9. What part of the screen is the News icon in? Use the Where Am I gesture to get the exact row and column number in the grid.

    This icon is normally on the starting page of the Home Screen.

  10. How do you get VoiceOver to begin reading all the items below the Status Bar starting with the first? What gesture makes it pause before it reaches the end and sets the last item spoken to the Current Item?
  11. The Read Top Down gesture, a two finger flick up, starts reading from the top of the screen . To pause reading use a two finger single tap. This is the Paue/Resume gesture. The two finger single tap gesture again will start reading from where VoiceOver left off providing you haven't done any other gesture since you paused VoiceOver.

  12. Use the Read Top Down gesture to have VoiceOver begin reading the icons on the Home Screen. Pause VoiceOver when it reads the Music folder. Use the Where Am I gesture to determine the Row and Column number of that folder.
  13. The Read Top Down gesture is a two finger flick up.
    The Pause Resume gesture is a two finger single tap.
    TheWhere Am I gesture is a three finger single tap. Remember to space your fingers out a little, and avoid having one of them hit the inactive zones.

  14. Make VoiceOver read all the icons beginning with the Reminders icon and ending at the last icon in the Dock.
  15. First you must find the Reminders icon. You can use the Explore gesture, or the Next/Previous Item gestures until you find it. Then use the Read to Bottom gesture, two finger flick down, to begin reading from that point.

  16. Use the Read Top Down gesture or the Next and Previous Item gestures until you find the Messages icon. Then use the Where Am I gesture to hear its location on the display.
  17. The Read Top Down gesture is a two finger flick up.
    The Next Item gesture is a single finger flick right. The Previous Item gesture is a single finger flick left.
    TheWhere Am I gesture is a three finger single tap. Remember to space your fingers out a little, and avoid having one of them hit the inactive zones.

  18. Based on what you heard from the Where Am I gesture, try to find the Messages icon as soon as you touch the display with the Explore gesture. If it’s not the first icon VoiceOver reads, pick up your finger and try again.
  19. VoiceOverEasy.net cannot tell you where the icon is on your iOS Device. The location varies between software releases and device types.

  20. Try repeating questions 9 and 10, but this time try it with the Clock icon.
  21. Try the same thing with the Weather icon.
  22. Scroll to the next page to the right. How many items are in the Home Screen grid on that page?
  23. To scroll one page to the right use the Next page gesture, a three finger flick left. Once you are there, you can use the Explore gesture to count the icons. You could also use the Next and Previous Item gestures, or you can use the Read Top Down gesture.

  24. What happens if you use the Scroll Page Right gesture again?
  25. You will either go to the third page of the Home Screen, or you will hear the "Thunk" sound that signifies there are no more pages in that direction.

  26. What is special about the Dock area?
  27. As you scroll through pages on the Home Screen the items in the Dock remain stationary and are always visible.

  28. What do the Triple Finger Double Tap and Triple Finger Triple Tap gestures do?
  29. The Triple finger double tap stops VoiceOver from speaking. You must use the same gesture to start VoiceOver speaking again.

    The Triple finger Triple tap is the Screen Curtain gesture. It turns the display on and off.

Lesson 2: Working with Apps, SECTION 8 Exercises.

  1. Launch the Settings app and make the Bluetooth Button the Current Item in the Settings main menu. Use the Where Am I gesture to determine how many rows are in the Settings screen list. How many rows are there?
    1. Locate the Settings icon on the Home Screen and Activate it. The Settings app will open.
    2. Use the Explore gesture or multiple Next Item gestures until Voiceover says, "Bluetooth, Button." This will make the Bluetooth button the Current Item.
    3. Use the Where Am I gesture, the three finger single tap. VoiceOver will announce the position of the Bluetooth button and the total number of roes in the list.
  2. Use the Next Screen gesture and listen to VoiceOver. What are the numbers of the first and last rows now displayed?
  3. The Next Screen gesture is a three finger flick up. The Where Am I gesture will announce what rows of the list are being displayed.

  4. Find and Activate the FaceTime button from the Settings main menu.
  5. The FaceTime button is on the Settings main menu, but not on the first Screen. You can find it in several ways. Use the one that works best for you.

    • Make any item on the settings main menu the Current Item. Then repeatedly use the Next Item gesture, a single finger flick right, until you find it.
    • Explore down the visible list of items in the Settings main menu. If you don't find the button, use the Next Screen gesture, a three finger flick up, and Explore the visible list of items again. Repeat until you find the button.
    • Activate the Item Chooser with the two finger tripple tap, and find the button in the alphabetical list. It's a long list, so you may have to use the Next Screen gesture to scroll it.

    Once you have found the button, use one of the Activate gestures, a single finger double tap, or a split tap, to activate it.

  6. What is the text of the first heading on the new screen?
  7. Please tell me which device you are studying about so I can answer this question properly. Then press the Change button  


     

    DeviceNumber = -1
    DeviceType = iOS Device

  8. How do you return to the main menu of the Settings Application?
  9. Please tell me which device you are studying about so I can answer this question properly. Then press the Change button  


     

    DeviceNumber = -1
    DeviceType = iOS Device

  10. Where is the place most "Back" Buttons are located?
  11. Most "Back" buttons are located on the upper left corner of the application's screen.

    When the iPad is using split screen mode, like in the Settings app, the Back button is in the upper left corner of the right half of the display.

  12. Go to the App Switcher screen and close all open applications.
  13. To go to the App Switcher press the Home button twice. Use the Next/Previous Item gestures or the Explore gesture to find each app that is open. You can close the app with a three finger flick up. Then exit the App Switcher by pressing the Home button.

  14. Why is it sometimes necessary to close apps?
  15. Closing apps frees up memory when your iOS Device starts to run slow.

  16. Do you have another page to your Home Screen grid after the starting page? If so, name at least two apps that are on it.
  17. From the starting page of your Home Screen grid you can use the Next Page gesture, a three finger flik left to get to the next page. Then use the Explore, Next/Previous Item, or Read Top Down gesture to count the icons.

  18. How can you view all the items on the current page of the Home Screen plus all the items in the Dock in a single alphabetized list?
  19. Invoke the Item Chooser with a two finger Triple tap.

  20. What is airplane Mode?
  21. Airplane mode prevents your iOS Device from sending and receiving any signals. You cannot communicate at all, but it is a great way to save your battery, especially if you are in a low signal area like 30,000 feet in the air on a plane.

  22. What are the two screens of the Notes Application?
  23. They are the Notes List Screen and the Notes Content Screen. The Notes List Screen displays a list of the Notes you have already created. The Notes Content Screen displays the content of an individual note, or of a new note that you are creating.

  24. What must you do before you can start typing in a Text Field?
  25. You must make the Text Field the Current Item. Then use an Activate gesture, a Single finger double tap or a split tap, to activate the field for editing. Voiceover will say, "Text Field, Is Editing," to indicate the feild is ready for input. It is important to activate the field before you start typing. Otherwise, your keystrokes will go somewhere else.

  26. When the soft keyboard is first displayed, there are no numbers or punctuation marks. How do you get them to appear?
  27. You use the "More Numbers" key at the bottom left of the keyboard. A row of numbers appears at the top just like the number row on top of a computer keyboard, and the letters are replaced by several rows of punctuation characters and other special symbols like hyphens, slashes and parenthesis. The "More Numbers" key will change to the "More Letters" key. Press it to return to the letter keyboard.

Lesson 3, SECTION 8: Exercises.

  1. How many characters are in the string, "Isn’t that cool?", excluding the quotation marks.
  2. Strings are sets of characters where one follows the other. Letters, numbers, punctuation marks and blank spaces are all characters. "Isn't That Cool?" is a string of 16 characters. The spaces and question mark" count.

  3. What is the difference between deleting text and cutting text?
  4. When text is deleted, it is not recoverable. When it is cut, the text is first copied to a buffer in memory. It can be retrieved from the buffer with the paste operation.

  5. When one or more Text Fields are on the screen, what does VoiceOver say to let you know which one your changes will take place in? If you want to edit text in a different field, how do you activate it for editing?
  6. VoiceOver will announce the name of the text field and then say "is editing," when it reads the field where your next edit will take place. You activate any field for editing with an Activate gesture.

  7. What is the Rotor? How do you activate it?
  8. The rotor is an imaginary dial on your display like an old radio tuner, volume knob or toaster oven control. To activate it move two fingers on the display like you were turning it, VoiceOver brings up the rotor. The rotor is used to control the meaning of the Single Finger Flick Up and Single Finger Flick Down gestures.

  9. What is the difference between the Rotor Functions Character, Word, and Line?
  10. These functions cause the single finger flick down to move the insertion point through the text one character, word or line at a time. A single finger flick up moves up or backwards through the text in the same way.

  11. What is the difference between Standard Typing and Touch Typing? Under which Rotor function can you find these options?
  12. When your iOS Device is in Standard Typing mode, you use one of the4 Activate gestures to type each letter. In Touch Typing mode a letter is typed when you lift your finger off the key. You use the Dial gesture to set the rotor to the Typing Mode function. Then the Set Mode gesture, the single finger flick up or down, to switch between modes.

  13. What is a Context Sensitive gesture?
  14. A context sensitive gesture is one whose meaning changes depending on what you are doing. For example, the one finger double tap is normally an Activate gesture, but when you are editing a text field, the gesture jumps the insertion point between the beginning and end of the field. In that case it becomes the Start/End of Field gesture. This is very common in VoiceOver.

  15. What gesture uses the same finger movements as the Move Forward and Backward gestures?
  16. The Set Mode gesture is a single finger flick up or down, just like the Move Forward/Backward gestures. This is another example of a context sensitive gesture. When the Rotor is set to a Behavioral function, the single finger flick up and down become the Set Mode gesture. When the Rotor is set to a Navigational function, the single finger flick up and down become the Move Backward and Move Forward gestures respectively.

  17. What two gestures use the Three Finger Flick Up movement?
  18. The Next Screen gesture uses the three finger flick up to move to the next page of a list, but in the Ap Switcher you use the three finger flick up to close an application.