VoiceoverEasy.net courses are tutorials geared toward blind and visually impaired users of iPhones and iPads with Siri capability, and who use Apple Corporation's accessibility technology called Voiceover to read the screen of their device.

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Unit 4: Text Messaging.

For iOS7,8, and 9.

SECTION 1: Introduction.

In order to display customized text to meet your needs VoiceoverEasy.net needs to know if you want to learn about iPhones or iPads.


 

DeviceNumber = -1
DeviceType = iOS Device

Text messaging is one of the most common forms of communication used today. While older cell phones may have had the ability to speak some on screen items, and letters or numbers being pressed, they didn't gain the capability to smoothly read text messages until recently. As a result many blind and visually impaired people missed out on this simple form of communication. Your iOS Device has the capability to read text messages to you, and makes it pretty simple to send a response. In this lesson we will cover reading text messages, and typing responses using the soft keyboard. In the next unit we will cover how to dictate a text message, and how to tell Siri to read your incoming messages for you. This simplifies text messaging even more. At the end of this lesson you should understand:

1.1: Types of Text Messages.

There are three types of text messages supported by your iOS Device. The first two types are sent over your carrier's cellular network. The third type is sent over the internet. Just in case you are ever on Jeopardy, here they are. Remember VoiceOver-Easy.net when you win big!

IMPORTANT! VoiceOver users should not text while driving. This is extremely dangerous! In fact, if you are riding in a vehicle and the driver is texting, you should ask him or her to stop. In 2015 An article posted at Distraction.Gov, a website sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the United States government, "Five seconds is the average time your eyes are off the road while texting. When traveling at 55mph, that's enough time to cover the length of a football field blindfolded."

1.2: Conversations.

A conversation is a chain or series of text messages exchanged between two or more people. For convenience VoiceOver will refer to the entire chain as a Conversation, and each message in the Conversation as a comment. For example:

  1. Tom sends a text message to his friends Jim and Bob saying, "Hey Guys! come experience the game on my big new TV with surround sound."
  2. Jim sends a return message saying, "OK. I'll bring the beer."
  3. Bob then sends a message asking, "What about some pizza?"
  4. Finally, Tom responds , "Ok Bob, you pick it up."

Each time an additional comment is sent, it is added to the bottom of the chain of messages. This makes a conversation. A conversation is to text messaging what a Thread is to Emailing. The biggest difference is that in a conversation comments are displayed in Chronological order. In Email threads, the messages are displayed in reverse chronological order, newest to oldest.

SECTION 2: Configuring Message Options.

Let's take a look at the Setup options for Messages. Launch the Settings App from the Home Screen.


 

DeviceNumber = -1
DeviceType = iOS Device

2.2: Configuring iMessages.

The iMessage button.

This button is below the "Messages" heading. This button toggles your iOS Device's ability to send iMessages. The button is followed by a Label that provides some basic information about iMessages.

If iMessaging is off, then only SMS or MMS message types will be sent, even though the receiving device is iMessage capable. If this switch is on, then the following options become available beneath it.

Text Message Forwarding.

Pressing this button displays a screen showing all the iOS devices using your Apple ID to log in to Apple services like iCloud. You can toggle each device on and off using the Select Gesture. Messages will be forwarded to each device that is toggled On. Below the button is an information label that describes it's function.

Send Read Receipts

This button is located just below the information label. VoiceOver reads, "Send Read Receipts, button," and then announces whether the function is on oroff. When this is on, the sender of an iMessage will get notified when you read it. Below the Send Read Receipts button is another information label.

Send and Receive

This button allows you to set up one or more email addresses to receive iMessages. If only one email address is set up, VoiceOver announces the button name followed by the email address. If multiple email addresses are set up, then VoiceOver announces, "x addresses," where x is the number of email addresses that can receive iMessages.

When this button is pressed, the iMessage Setup Screen appears. See section 2.5 below for details of this screen.

2.3: SMS/MMS Options.

MMS Messaging

This button toggles your iOS Device's ability to send and receive Multimedia Message System (MMS) messages on and off. If you disable MMS messaging, your iOS Device will work much like older cell phones, only sending and receiving Short Message System (SMS) messages. So you will not be able to receive or send photos, videos, or sound clips with text messages. You will be limited to text messages of up to 160 characters only. You will also not be able to participate in messages sent to groups of people.

NOTE: If you are concerned about exceeding your monthly text messaging or data limits, then turning MMS messaging off can help. If you have an unlimited plan, VoiceOverEasy.net suggests you leave this feature on and participate in the rich world of 21st century instant communications.

Group Messaging

This option only appears if you have MMS messaging set to on. When the Group Messaging option is set to "On," messages sent to multiple recipients are sent in Group MMS format. Each recipient can see all the others in the conversation, and reply to all. When this is turned off, messages to multiple recipients are sent as individual SMS messages, and are subject to all the limitations of SMS messages discusssed above. Recipients of the text message cannot see who else recieved the message, and can only reply to you.

Show Subject Field

You can enable a separate subject field for the messages you send. This toggle affects iMessages as well. Turning this on is extremely uncommon.

Character Count

If you attempt to send an SMS message of more than 160 characters, your message will be broken up into several SMS messages. Turning character count on displays the number of characters in your text message. VoiceOver-Easy.net was unable to get VoiceOver to read any kind of character count indicator when trying to test this function.

2.4: The Blocked Button.

Use this button to add numbers to the Blocked Callers List. This will also block incoming phone calls as well as iMessages and traditional SMS and MMS text messages.

2.5: The iMessage Setup Screen.

This Screen appears when you press the "Send and Receive" button from the Messages Setup Screen. It has an Action Row at the top which has the "Messages, Back" button, and a heading which reads iMessages.

The Apple ID Button appears just below the Action Row. It allows you to associate your iOS Device to your Apple ID.

If you Explore down just a little, you will find a heading that reads, "You can be reached by Messages at."

Below this heading is a list of items which contains your cell number and any email addresses you have already set up to receive iMessages. Use the Select Gesture to turn addresses on and off. When an address is set to receive messages, VoiceOver says, "Selected" before it reads the address.

There is a "More Info" button to the right of each email address. If you decide to delete an address from the list, press the corresponding "More Info" button and press the "Remove" button.

Below the list of Email addresses is a button that allows you to add another email address to the list. When you press the button a Text Field appears at the bottom of the list where you can enter another email address. If you change your mind, press the "Back" button to return to the Message Setup Screen.

Below the "Add Another Email" button is a heading that reads "Start New Conversations from," which is followed by your cell phone number plus the list of email addresses again. Select which item you want new conversations to come from. Unlike the list above where you can select multiple addresses, here you can only select one.

Use the "Back" button when you are through making all your selections.

2.6:Message History.

Below the "Blocked" button is a heading which reads, Message History. Below the heading is a button, which VoiceOver reads as, "Keep Messages," followed by either "30 days," "1 year," or "Forever." Activate this button to tell your iOS Device how long to keep messages before automatically deleting them. If you set this to Forever, then you must delete your messages manually.

2.7:Filter Unknown Senders.

This is a new feature in iOS 8.3. If you turn this feature on, iMessages from unknown senders, those not in your Contacts List, will be prevented from sounding alerts when they come in. They will also be moved to a separate list of messages.

2.8:AudioMessages.

The Expires Button.

Below the Audio Messages heading is a button that allows you to set the expiration time of Audio messages. It can be set to 2 minutes, which is the default, or to "Never," which means you must delete audio messages manually.

The Raise to Listen Button.

Setting this to, "On," allows you to listen and reply to Text messages with an audio component by raising the phone to your ear.

2.9: Video Messages.

Beneath this heading is a button which allows you to set the expiration time of a video message. In other words, how long the message will remain n your iOS Device after you listen to it.

SECTION 3: Setting the Sound for Incoming and Outgoing Text Messages.


 

DeviceNumber = -1
DeviceType = iOS Device

New to iOS9.

In iOS9, you can use the SearchField at the top of the Settings main menu to go right to the Text Tone Sound Options. Just enter the words, "text tone," in the search field, and select the option from the list of matches.

3.1: The Sounds Selection Screen.

The screen for selecting sounds has an Action Row at the top. When the screen is activated, There is a heading which Voiceover reads as Text Tone to indicate the type of sound you are selecting, and to indicate the Current Item. Use the Next Item gesture to move to the Sound Volume Picker Item.

The Sound Volume Picker Item.

This Picker Item allows you to adjust the overall volume of your iOS Device in 10% increments. You make the adjustments useing the Increment and Decrement gestures. Be careful not to turn your volume down to zero. If you do, you won't be abale to hear Voiceover.

Change With Buttons.

This button toggles the ability of the volume Up and Down buttons on the side of the iOS Device to affect the volume of the Ringers and Alerts.

The Sound Selection Screen.

Explore a little further down and you will find a heading which reads as, Default. Below this is a button which Voiceover reads as, "Selected," followed by the name of the sound that is played by default for an incoming text message. If you Activate this button, you will hear the default sound. However, if you want to change the devault sound, it must be done from the Settings App.

The Sounds List.

The list of available sounds begins immediately below the Action Row. The list is divided into two sections, ring tones and Alerts. If you dial the rotor to the Headings function, you can move quickly between the two sections with a Set Mode gesture. You can set any sound from either section as a Text Tone sound as follows:.

  1. Make one of the sound buttons the Current Item.
  2. Use the Select gesture to select the sound and play it.

At the end of the ring tones and the Alerts sections there are "Classic" buttons. They open other screens with even more sounds. There's some good stuff here, so don't forget to check it out.

Use the "Sounds, Back" button at the upper left to return to the previous Screen.

NOTE: When you press the "Sounds, Back" button, the last sound you played will be the sound set for the Text Tone sound. If you decide you liked the previous setting best, be sure and select the sound again before exiting the Sound Selection Screen.

SECTION 4: Finding and Starting the App for Messages.

The Messages App is the app used by your iOS Device to send and receive text messages. The icon to launch this app can be found on the first page of your Home Screen. By default it's in Row 1, Column 1.

4.1: The Four Finger Single Tap.

This gesture will change the Current Item to either the first item on the screen, excluding the Status Bar, or the last item on the screen. If the screen has multiple pages, then all the intervening pages are skipped. The placement of this gesture is important. If you perform this gesture on the top half of the display, the Current Item jumps to the first item on the screen. If you perform this gesture on the lower half of the display, then the Current Item becomes the last item on the display. From now on VoiceOverEasy.net will refer to these gestures as the First Item and Last Item gestures.

NOTE: Apple refers to items as elements. If you turn on help mode, VoiceOver will say, "move to the first element," or "move to the last element," depending on whether or not you perform the gesture near the top or bottom of the display.

If the Messages Icon is the First item on the Home Screen, you can perform the First Item gesture, a four finger single tap on the top half of the screen, to make it the Current Item. If it is not, then go forward through the icons by either using the Explore gesture, or by using the Next Item gesture until you find it. Then use an Activate gesture to launch the application.

SECTION 5: The Text Message List.


 

DeviceNumber = -1
DeviceType = iOS Device

5.1: The Edit Button.

When you Press or Activate this button, the Message List goes into Edit Mode. In this mode you can select multiple messages to be deleted, and then delete them all at once with the delete button at the bottom right corner of the Message List Screen.

TIP: When you are selecting multiple items from a list, you may want to use the Split Tap version of the select gesture. Explore down the list with one finger. When you find an item you want to select, Keep your finger stationary and tap anywhere on the display with another finger. The item under your stationary finger becomes selected, and you can continue Exploring the list without having to find your place again.

To the right of the Edit button is a Heading that reads, Messages. If you have any unread messages in the list, the heading will tell you how many unread messages you have.

NOTE: You can also find out how many new text messages you have without even opening the Messages app by simply finding its icon on the home screen. If you have unread text messages, VoiceOver will announce the number of unread messages after it announces the icon's name. It will also do this with the Email icon. Sometimes it pays to slow down a little and let VoiceOver make it's entire announcement before moving on.

5.2: The Compose Button.

This button activates the Text Message Content Screen so you can compose a new Text message. See section 7 below.

5.3 : Searching for Text Messages.

A search field is located immediately above the list of messages. You can enter text in this field just like you do in any other text field. When you do, your device will search for any text message with the words you entered. This search cannot search inside attachments. So if you put the letters R, o, and d as in delta in the search field, you will see a list of text messages where Rodney is the sender or one of the recipients. You will also find messages that contain the words ""rod", "rodent", and aerodynamic" in them.

5.4: The Text Message List.

Both sent and received text messages are listed. This differs from the Inbox where only received messages are shown. The text messages are grouped by Conversations. The conversations are listed Chronologically based on the time of the latest message in the conversation. You cannot change the grouping of messages or the order of the list. You can Explore through the list, or use the Next and Previous Item gestures until you find the conversation you want. If the list of text messages is longer than one screen, you can use the Next and Previous Screen gestures to scroll the list one screen at a time.

Each message or conversation in the list takes up one row. They are arranged chronologically from newest to oldest. If you Explore down the list and stop long enough at each row, VoiceOver reads the following pieces of information.

NOTE: You need to open the message to find out whether or not it has an attachment. You also need to open it if you want to review earlier comments in the conversation.

When any message in the list becomes the Currrent Item,the Rotor automatically dials itself to the Actions Function. When the rotor is set to this function, the Set Mode gesture offers the options from the table below. You set the mode to the action you want with the Set Mode gesture. Then use an Activate gesture to carry out the action.

Table of Options for the Text Message List.
VoiceOver says. Effect.
Activate Item, Default Action. The text message will be opened. This is the default action. So you don't need any Set Mode gestures to make this happen. You can just use an Activate gesture on the message.
Delete . Deletes the Current message or conversation from the Text Message List. This is a permanent delete! There is no way to get it back once you do this.

SECTION 6: The Text Message Content Screen in Reading Mode.

This Screen is divided into Three areas. They appear from top to bottom as follows:

6.1: The Action Row.


 

DeviceNumber = -1
DeviceType = iOS Device

The Details Button.

This button is on the right side of the Action Row. It expands the addressee list so you can see more information about the contact, or contacts in the case of a group message. There are seven options for each contact in expanded mode.

If you want to change back to the more compact mode of the addressee list, press the "Back" button in the upper left corner of the screen just below the Status Bar.

6.2: The Message Contents Area.

The Message Content Area displays the content of the text message or conversation. For conversations, the comments in the conversation are displayed in order from oldest at the top, to newest at the bottom. This is the opposite of an email thread, which displays the newest message first, and the oldest one last.

If the content takes up more than the alotted area of the display, you can scroll the Message Content Area up and down with the Next and Previous Screen gestures. These gestures will only work when the message content area is the current item.

When the Message Content area becomes the Current Item, the Rotor automatically dials itself to the Actions Function. The Set Mode gesture has two options:

Table of Set Mode options from the Text Message Content Screen.
Option. Description.
Activate. This is the Default Action. When you use an Activate gesture on a comment within the conversation, it becomes the Current Item. You can use the Edit function of the rotor to copy the entire comment to the hidden memory buffer.
More. When you select this mode and perform an Activate gesture, two buttons appear at the bottom of the display. They are; "Delete," which allows you to remove the comment you Activated from the conversation, and "Forward," which allows you to Forward the comment you activated to another person.

Two buttons also appear at opposite sides of the Action Row. The "Delete All" button removes all comments from the conversation. The "Cancel" button returns to reviewing the conversation without action.

NOTE: When you use either of these Delete buttons, you will receive a confirmation prompt. Be sure, because these actions cannot be undone.

6.3: The Next and Previous comment Gestures.

When the Text Message Body becomes the Current Item, the meaning of the Single Finger flick Left and Right gestures changes slightly. If the message is a conversation with multiple comments, then the Next and Previous Item gestures become the Next and Previous comment gestures. The final comment in the conversation also has an indicator to tell you it was delivered.

6.4: The comment Area.

The comment Area starts as is single row at the bottom of the display. It has three items.

When you are sending a text message, A "Send" button is displayed. It is Dimmed until text is entered in the text field or an attachment is added.

When you are sending an iMessage, VoiceOver reads the button as, "Record Audio," and the button looks like a Microphone.

NOTE: Beginning with iOS 8 you can put graphics in Text messages, but not all devices can receive them. Older devices which can only receive SMS messages will not receive or display them.

When you Activate the text field, the soft keyboard appears at the bottom of the display just as it does when you activate any other text field. When you are ready to send your comment, Press the Send button, which relocated to above the letter "P" when the soft keyboard activated.

SECTION 7: Composing text Messages.

The Text Message Content Screen in Compose Mode has these parts.

There are three ways to start a Text Message. You can compose a new text message, reply to a text message you have received, or forward all or part of a text message to another recipient.

7.1: Composing a New Text Message.

  1. If it's not already open, Launch the Messages app from the Home Screen using the technique discussed in Section 4 above.
  2. Use the Explore gesture, or the Next/Previous Item gestures to find the "Compose" button. It's in the upper right corner of the Text Message List Screen, just below the Status Bar.
  3. Press or Activate the button using an Activate gesture. VoiceOver will announce, "To, Text Field, Is Editing.

Let's analyze what VoiceOver just said.

You can enter either a telephone number, or a contact in this field. However, before we do that, perform the Previous Item gesture. VoiceOver says,"Cancel, Button," because when you pressed the "Compose" button. the Current Item was set to the "To" field. This caused VoiceOver to skip the Cancel button, which is above the "To" field in the upper right corner. Now you know where it is, if you need it.

IMPORTANT: You can press the Cancel button at any time to be returned to the Text Message List. However, anything in the "To," and Text Message fields will be permanently lost, and there is no, "Are you sure?" prompt. So be sure before you press it!

Now use the Next Item gesture to get back to the "To," field. Let's enter your own cell phone number by typing in the digits.

  1. Use an Activate gesture to be sure the field is in Editing Mode.
  2. Use the "More Numbers" key at the bottom left of the keypad to switch the soft keyboard to Numbers mode.
  3. Enter your cell phone number. Don't worry about formatting characters like dashes, parenthesis, or spaces.

NOTE: If you have a contact card set up for yourself, and if it has one or more telephone numbers in it, or an email address in addition to your mobile number, then a series of buttons will appear below the "To," field. You will have to activate the one that matches your cell phone number.

You can also add numbers directly from your contact list using the "Add Contact" button.

  1. If the "To:" field is the Current Item, use the Next Item gesture to find the "Add Contact" button, or explore to the right of the "To,"field until you find it.
  2. Activate the button. The Contacts List appears.
  3. Use a Select gesture to add a recipient. If the chosen contact has more than one telephone number, or has an email address plus a mobile phone number, you will be asked to select which one to use. Once you have made the selection, you'll be returned to the "To" field in the Mail Message Screen. You can add another address or move on to the next field.
  4. NOTE: The reason you can enter an email address is that as smart phones become more common the lines between email messages and text messages are blurring. Many smart phones can receive email messages as text messages.

You can also simply start typing the contact's name. A list of matches appears below the "To" field. The more letters you type, the more narrowed down the list becomes. When the list is small enough, you can select from the list and not have to type the entire name or number. If you commonly send text messages to a group of people, start typing one of the names in the group. That group appears in the list as well as the individual's name you are typing. You can add an entire group of recipients very quickly this way.

7.2: The Text Message Field.

To type a text message you must first find the Message Text field and activate it for editing. Follow these steps.

  1. Explore the bottom of the Text Message Screen. On the left you will find the "Attach Media" button discussed in section 7.4 below. Immediately to the right of that button is the Text Message Field.
  2. Use an Activate gesture to switch the field to Editing Mode. VoiceOver says, "Text Field, Is Editing."
  3. Use the soft keyboard to enter, "This is a text message to myself."
  4. Now move your finger to the letter "P," but don't actually type it.
  5. Explore slowly up and you will come to the Typing Predictor. Skip this for now.
  6. Explore up just a little bit. You will find the "Send" button.
  7. Activate or Press the Send button to send the message to yourself.

7.3: Replying to a Text Message.

  1. Go to the Text Message List and Open/Activate the message you want to reply to.
  2. At the bottom of the screen you will find the comment Area. Find the Text Message Field and Activate it.
  3. Type the Text of your reply.
  4. Optionally use the Attach Media button to add any attachments to your reply that you wish. It is located above the letter "Q."
  5. NOTE: If you have not turned off the Typing predictor, you will encounter it above the letter "Q" and just below the Attach Media button.

  6. Press the "Send" button which is above the letter, P.

7.4: Adding a Media Attachment.

To continue with this exercise your iOS Device should be in the Compose mode on the Text Message Content Screen. You also will need at least one photo or video stored on your iOS Device in the Photo Stream or Camera Roll.

  1. Begin a new Text message.
  2. Enter one or more recipients in the "To:" field.
  3. Enter any comments you want to send with the picture/video in the text message body. It's easier to do this before you add the attachment.
  4. Locate the Attach Media" button. If the message field is not activated for editing, you will find the Attach Media button on the left hand side of the bottom of the Text Message Screen. If the text message field is activated for editing, then the Attach Media button will be above the letter Q.
  5. Activate the Attach Media button. Your iOS Device will make a chirp-like sound
  6. After your iOS Device makes a Chirp sound, Explore down the center of the displayuntil VoiceOver announces a very general description of one of your photos. It will sound something like, "Crisp, Well lit, image," or, "blurry, very bright, image."
  7. Use the Next and Previous Item gestures to move through the images until you find the one you want.
  8. Use the Select gesture on each image you want to include in your message.

    The more images/videos you put in a text message, the longer it will take to send and receive. You or the message recipient may also incur charges if your data plan limit is exceeded. VoiceOverEasy.net recommends you limit attached photos or videos to one or two per message.

  9. When you are finished, press the "Send x photos" button. X stands for the number of photos you have selected.

The Take Photo or Video Button.

If you Explore slowly down the screen from the row of photos, Voiceover will say, "Take Photo or Video.". When you press this button, a screen appears in which the image from the camera's view finder takes up the largest portion of the display, and five buttons are placed above and below the viewfinder image.

Table of buttons on the Take Picture or Video Screen."
Voiceover Says... Location. Function.
Flash. Top Left Corner. Changes the flash from Automatic to always off, or always on.
Camera Mode. just below the viewfinder Toggles the camera between photo and video recording mode.
Camera Chooser Upper right corner. Toggles the camera between the front facing camera and the rear facing camera. The front facing camera faces you, and the rear facing camera faces away from you.
Cancel. Lower left corner. Returns to the Text Message Content Screen without taking a photo or video.
Take Photo,
or
Record Video.
Lower right corner. Snaps the photo or Starts and stops video recording.

7.5: Sending an Audio text iMessage.

Rather than sending text, you can record your voice or other sounds and send them to another iOS device just like sending a text message.

  1. Start a new text message.
  2. In the "To:" field, enter the address or phone number of another iOS device.
  3. In the lower right corner of the display is the "Record Audio" button. Make this button the current item and listen to everything VoiceOver has to say.
  4. NOTE: Since this button is always the last item on the screen, try the Last Item gesture. It will take you right to the button.

  5. Use the Single finger Tap and Hold gesture to start recording. Your iOS Device will make a "chirp" noise when you can begin.
  6. When you are finished, lift your finger. There is no noise to tell you that recording has stopped, but The "Record Audio" button changes to the "Play" button.
  7. Press the "Play" button to check your recording.
  8. Explore up from the "Play" button, and you will find the "Send" button.

SECTION 8: Forwarding Text Messages.

You can forward a text message which has only a single part, or you can use VoiceOver to forward one part of a conversation.

  1. To begin open the Messages App to the Text Message List and Activate the message with the text you want to forward.
  2. Explore the display until you find the text you want to forward.
  3. Use the Set Mode gesture. VoiceOver should say, "More..." If it does not, use the Dial gesture to manually set the Rotor to the Actions function, then do the Set Mode gesture again.
  4. Use an Activate gesture. The phone chirps and two buttons appear at the bottom corners of the Text Message Content Screen. They are "Delete" on the bottom left, and "Forward", on the bottom right. VoiceOver does not automatically read them. You'll have to use the Explore gesture to find them.
  5. Press or Activate the "Forward" button. VoiceOver says, "To, Text Field, Is Editing."
  6. Enter a phone number or address from your contacts list into this field.
  7. Explore down from the "To:" field until you find the original text of the message you are forwarding.
  8. Use the Start/End of Field gesture to position the Insertion Point at the end of the field.
  9. Add a blank line and type, "Now I'm forwarding this message."
  10. Press the "Send" button. It's at the lower right corner of the Text Field you are editing. Another way to find it is to Explore upward from the letter "P" of the soft keyboard.

You can forward multiple parts of a conversation by selecting them. However, VoiceOver does not give any indication of what conversation parts are selected or deselected. This makes forwarding parts of a conversation extremely difficult.

SECTION 9: New Gesture Review.

New Gesture Review.
Gesture Name. Motion. Function. Context.
First Item. Four Finger Single Tap. Jumps to the first item of any screen and makes it the Current Item. This action must be performed near the top of the display. Any time.
Last Item. Four Finger Single Tap. Jumps to the last item of any screen and makes it the Current Item. This action must be performed near the bottom of the display. Any time.
Previous comment. Single Finger Flick Left. Moves to the previous comment in a text message conversation. When a Text Conversation is Displayed.
Next comment. Single Finger Flick Right. Moves to the next part in a Text Message conversation. When a text conversation is displayed.

SECTION 10: Exercises.

  1. What are the three types of text messaging, and can you name some differences between them?
  2. Which of the three types only works between Apple devices and requires a WiFi Connection?
  3. What is a "conversation?" What are the similarities and differences between a conversation and an Email Thread?
  4. If you block a number from sending text messages, what else will be blocked from that number?
  5. Where is the default location for the Messages icon?
  6. When using the First/Last Item gesture, the four finger single tap, how do you control whether to move to the first or last item?
  7. How can you find out if you have unread text messages without launching the Text Message app?
  8. If you enter the letters t, a, and n, like Nancy, into the search field, which of these messages will NOT be found? "Help, I'm all tangled up!" "I just bought a new coat." "The team's jerseys are black and tan."Stan will be late for dinner."
  9. What are the steps to delete a text message from the text message list?
  10. If you want to reply to a message, where can you find the Text Field to type your reply?

Click here for answers.

Congratulations! You have finished the lesson on Text Messaging. In the next unit, VoiceOverEasy.net will cover using Dictation to fill in Text Fields. This will make Text Messaging and Emailing even easier, but for now take a break. You've earned it.

Before you go on to the next lesson, would you like to take the optional survey for this lesson?

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