VoiceoverEasy.net courses are tutorials geared toward blind and visually impaired users of iPhones and iPads with Siri capability, and who use Apple Corporation's accessibility technology called Voiceover to read the screen of their device.

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Item Reference List.

The table below lists all the items which can appear on the display of your iOS Device that we have discussed here at VoiceOverEasy.net. They are listed in the order they were presented. Items can also be refered to as elements. The terms are interchangeable.

The Current Item.

This concept was introduced in Section 7 of VoiceOver Basics, Lesson 1. Apple calls this item the “Selected Item. However, that can cause some confusion when working with lists of items. So the term "Current Item" has been adopted by VoiceOver-Easy.net. Some people also refer to this as the "Focused Item," because it will be the focus of your next action.

The last item spoken by VoiceOver is the Current Item. This is important, because your device will act on the last item VoiceOver spoke, no matter where you perform the next gesture.

Voiceover always surrounds the current item with a black box. This may help low vision users to track it. There is a common mistake made by low vision users who operate their iOS Device with Voiceover on. They will often look for the button they want to press and double tap it without making sure the small black box is around it to indicate that the button they want is the Current Item. Remember with Voiceover the object that is the Current Item is the one acted on, not the object that you tap.

For example, suppose there is a screen with a large Text Field followed by a Cancel button and then a Save button. You enter a large amount of text in the field, and use the Next Item gesture to exit the Text Field. This makes the Cancel button the new Current Item. Now you look at the display and see the Save button. You double tap it. Unfortunately, since the Current Item was the Cancel button, all your work is gone! You should have made the Save button the Current Item before doing the double tap.

It should be noted that there is one variation on the rule just stated. When you activate a text field for editing, any keystrokes you type always are entered into the activated field, even though the Current Item has been changed to something else.

Item Name. Description. Defined in.
Status Bar. The status bar appears at the top of the display. It is where the iOS Device displays important information about it's current condition. Examples may include how many bars of cellular signal strength are available, how strong is the wireless signal, whether Bluetooth is on, the current time, and how much battery power is remaining. The Status Bar cannot become the current Item, but the icons within it can. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 4.1
Home Screen. The Home Screen is the grid which appears just below the status bar when the iOS Device is first turned on. It holds the icons to launch applications, and folders which contain other icons. There can be up to seven pages on the Home Screen grid. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 4.2
Dock. The Dock is an area at the bottom of the screen that can hold icons for the applications a user uses most often. That way no matter which page of the home screen is displayed, they are always available. The Dock cannot become the Current Item, but the icons in it can. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 4.3
Icon. An Icon is a small graphic image which vaguely represents the application or function performed when it is activated. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 4.2
Folder. A folder contains groups of related icons, just like a file folder contains related papers. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 4.2
Picker Item. Picker items allow their values to be incremented or decremented by using the Increment or Decrement gesture respectively. The flick does not have to take place on the item. Anywhere in the display will do. VoiceOver indicates a Picker item by ending its announcement with the word "Adjustable." VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 1, Section 7.10
Label. A Label is a piece of descriptive text that appears on screen. Labels can be read, but they are inactive. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 2, Section 5
Heading. A heading is a label or text that appears larger and bolder than a regular label. It usually appears at the top of a screen or group of related items. Headings can be read, or the Headings function of the Rotor can be used to navigate between them. In web pages and other documents headings are often divided into as many as six levels. Level 1 is the most major division of the document. Level 2 is the next level and so on. VoiceOverEasy.net usus level one headings for page titles, level 2 headings for section titles within each page, and level 3 headings for smaller parts within each section. Most screen readers provide an easy way to navigate between headings. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 2, Section 5
Button. Buttons are found inside an application. An Activate gesture is used to "press" them. They most often open sub screens from within an application, or toggle settings on and off. However, a button can also open new applications,type letters or numbers, or start some function of an application.
VoiceOverEasy.net uses the terms "Activate a button" and "Press a button" interchangeably. This is because both terms are commonly used. They both mean to use an Activate gesture when the button is the Current Item.
VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 2, Section 5.1
Item Chooser. The Item Chooser appears when a two finger Triple tap is performed on the display. It creates a searchable, alphabetized list of all the items on the screen. Selecting an item closes the Item Chooser and makes that item the Current item. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson2, Section 5.3.
Text Field. This item allows entry of text like a name, telephone number, email or comment. If the text field is in an app running on the iOS Device, then the field must be activated first with an Activate gesture. VoiceOver will announce the items name and “text field as the type, and then say “is editing to indicate that’s where the next character will be typed. Text fields on web pages often activate automatically. Text fields on web pages are often described as "Edit Boxes,""Text boxes," or "Input boxes." Examples of text fields on web pages include; username an password fields, search fields, and anywhere else that accepts typed characters.
Formatted text fields can support special text like bold, italicized and underlined. Some can even hold pictures or videos like a web page or Email message. Unformatted fields support only plain upper and lower case letters as well as numbers, signs and punctuation.
VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 2, Section 6.1
Item List. An Item List is an item that can contain items inside it. The items in the list are organized by rows such that each row represents a separate item. Each row can contain labels, buttons, text fields, and just about anything. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 3, Section 3
Rotor. The rotor is an imaginary dial which appears on the display when two fingrs are moved in a circular motion around an imaginary center point. The rotor is used to control the meaning of the Single Finger Flick Up and Single Finger Flick Down gestures. VoiceOver Basics: Lesson 3, Section 4
Search Field. Search fields are used to Filter lists of items by only showing those items that match the characters entered into their text fields. To remove the filtering Press the "cancel" or "Clear" button. Unit 2:Contacts, Section 4.3
Unit 4, The Mailbox Screen, Section 6.
Tab. Tabs are used to divide an application into several screens that are equal in hierarchy, in much the same way that tabs divide a notebook into sections. Tabs appear at the top or at the bottom of the application screen. No matter which tab is selected, all the tabs will still remain visible and in the same location. A tab is selected using the Activate or Select gestures. They are both the same. Using the Phone, Section 4.1

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