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Rotor Functions and Modes.

The rotor is an imaginary dial on the display like an old radio tuner, volume knob or toaster oven control. The rotor is used to control the meaning of the Single Finger Flick Up and Single Finger Flick Down gestures. The rotor is activated by moving two fingers on the display to turn it. A soft, high pitched sound occurs each time the rotor is dialed.

This page is an alphabetical list of the options available on the Rotor for all devices running 10.

Functions and Modes.

VoiceoverEasy.net refers to each setting the rotor can be dialed to as a Function. Once you dial the rotor to the function you want, you then use the Move Forward and Backward gestures, or the Set Mode gesture to switch modes within that function.

Function Type.

Indicates whether the function is Navigational or Behavioral. Navigational functions allow movement through fields, documents, web pages, or screens. Behavioral functions affect the way your device works or presents information. When the Rotor is dialed to a Navigational Function, then the Single Finger Flick Down and Up gestures become the Move Forward and Backward gestures respectively. When the Rotor is dialed to a Behavioral function, the Single Finger Flick Down and Up gestures become the Set Mode Gesture. It doesn't matter which Set Mode gesture is used. In most cases the list of modes is circular. So either Set Mode gesture will get to the desired mode eventually. Exceptions are noted in the descriptions below.

DEFAULT OPTION.

Alist of iOS version numbers indicates the function is on the rotor by default in those versions. "No" means you must add the function to the rotor using the steps detailed above. "Automatic" indicates that the function will appear automatically when appropriate.

Description.

This is a brief description of the function.

Available Modes.

This section appears for Behavioral functions only. Each table describes the most common modes available for the rotor function.

Actions"

Function Type: Behavioral

Default Option: Automatic.

Description:This rotor function changes the action that takes place when an Activate gesture is used on a List Item. The rotor dials itself to the Actions Function when you activate most List Items. The two most common modes of the Action function are listed below, but other modes can appear depending on the situation.

Available Modes:

Mode. Function.
Activate. This is the default action. The effect varies depending on the type of list. For example; it opens a contact card, email message or text message. It dials a phone number in a list, and starts playing a song or playlist.
Delete. Deletes an item from a list. Some deletes merely remove an item from a list, such as deleting a contact from the favorites list. The contact card is still in your iOS Device. Other deletes are more permanent, such as deleting a text message. Once it's deleted, it's gone.

Discussed In:


>Adjust Value"

Function Type: Behavioral

Default Option: Automatic.

Description:The rotor automatically dials itself to this function whenever a Picker Item is selected as the Current Item. This function changes the Single Finger Flick Up and Down gestures to the Increment and Decrement gestures. These gestures then change the value of the selected Picker Item.


Audio Ducking.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description:If some other sound is playing on the iOS Device such as a song, audio book, or radio station or podcast; and VoiceOver starts speaking, the other sound's volume is temporarily lowered. This rotor function allows that effect to be toggled on and off with the Set Mode gesture.


Braille Screen Input.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option: No.

Description: This Rotor function is similar to the Handwriting mode, and can be used to input text into any text field. It has two modes. Table Top Mode allows you to use your Index, Middle and Ring fingers to operate your iOS Device as if it were a Braillewriter. Screen Away Mode works best for smaller devices and allows you to use the same fingers to mimic Braille characters. When you are finished, turn the Rotor to another function. Braille Screen Input mode is discussed in detail in Unit 8: Other Input Methods, Section 3.

After the function is added to the rotor, it will only appear when a Text Field is the Current Item and has been activated for editing.

If you are unfamiliar with Braille, you may wish to check out this Brief Introduction to Braille. It is not intended to be a comprehensive tutorial, but it will provide enough information for you to work with Braille Screen Input mode.


Buttons

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description:This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move the Current Item to then next or previous button on an app screen or web page.


Characters

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option: Yes

Description: This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move the insert position one character at a time through Text Fields, and documents. It is very useful when VoiceOver's pronunciation of any Home Screen, web page or application screen item is difficult to understand.

Discussed In:


Containers.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option: No.

This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to change the Current Item to the next or previous Container Item.


Edit.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:Automatic.

Description: The edit function appears on the rotor when Text fields are being read or edited. It allows text to be selected and altered using one of the modes below.

Available Modes:

Mode. Available when. Function.
Select All. Reading or editing any Text Field. When this mode is selected, an Activate gesture anywhere on the active Text Fieldwill select all the text in the active field.
Select. Reading or editing any Text Field. In this mode you can select text either by doing an Activate gesture on a single word, or by using the Pinch Open or closed gestures.
Copy. Reading or editing any Text Field. An Activate gesture places a copy of the selected text into memory and leaves the text in the active text field. The text is still selected.
cut. Editing any Text Field. An Activate gesture places a copy of the selected text into memory and then removes it from the field.
Paste. Editing any Text Field. Inserts the text copied into memory into the active field at the location of the Insertion Point.
Bold. Editing a formatted text field. Toggles the selected text between regular and bold font.
Italic. Editing a formatted text field. Toggles the font between regular and italic. Italic fonts have their characters leaning slightly to the right.
Underline. Editing a formatted text field. Toggles the font between regular and underlined. Underlined text in Email messages can easily be mistaken for links. Use underlining sparingly.
Insert Photo or Video. Editing a text or Email message. Attaches a photo or video to a text or email message
Increase Quote Level. Editing an Email Message. Causes the selected text to become indented. Each Activate gesture indents the text a little further. When the original text of an email is included in a Forward or Reply, it is common to indent the original text to make it easy to distinguish the added comments from the original.
Decrease Quote Level. Editing an Email Message. Each Activate gesture moves the selected text a little closer to the left margin.

Discussed In:


Events.

Function Type: Navigational

Default Option: Automatic

When the Calendar application is in the Day or Week Time View, this Rotor function allows rapid movement from one calendar event to another using the Set Mode gesture.

Discussed in:


Form Controls

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move the current item between items normally used to enter or submit data on web forms and application screens. Examples are text fields, buttons, check boxes, Picker Items, and combo boxes.


Handwriting

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description:This rotor function switches the display so that gestures can be made like printed handwriting. Each gesture adds a letter, Number, or punctuation mark. Handwriting mode is discussed in detail in Unit 8: Other Input Methods, Section 2.

After the function is added to the rotor, it will only appear when a Text Field is the Current Item and has been activated for editing.


Headings.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option: No.

Description: This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to jump between headings in a document, email message, web page, or app screen.


Hints

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description:Turns hints on and off. When hints are on and VoiceOver finishes providing information about the Current Item, there will be a slight pause, and then VoiceOver will suggest gestures you can use to work with that item. This is a helpful feature for beginners.


Images.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function makes the Move Forward and Backward gestures jump the Current Item between images on a web page. This function is affected by the "Navigate Images" option in the Voiceover settings.


Landmarks.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description:This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to jump between Landmarks. Landmarks divide a web page into regions. VoiceOverEasy.net has two regions on every page. The main region, which houses the lessons and other text, and the Navigation region, where the Table of Contents is located. The device type and iOS version can be set from the Navigation region as well. Some news pages also might have landmarks to help locate the beginnings of articles.


Language.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description:This function causes the Set Mode gesture to change the language or dialect spoken by Voiceover. In order for this function to appear on the rotor, you must add languages to the rotor by navigating to the Voiceover settings, then the Speech option.

NOTE: Changing the Voiceover language will change the soft keyboard to match your new selection.


Lines.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option: Yes.

Description:Using This rotor function causes VoiceOver to read one line at a time when the Move Forward and Backward gestures are performed. If a text field is being edited, then the insertion point is moved as well. It is important to remember that if the insertion point is in the middle of a line, the entire text of the line may not be read. The text can be double checked using the Words or Characters functions.

Discussed In:


Lists.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option: No.

Description:A list is a web page element that contains other elements. A list can be numbered, or use letters or Roman numerals. Some lists simply begin each item with a bullet or other special character. VoiceOverEasy.net uses numbered lists whenever there are sequential steps to be performe. The questions at the end of each exercise are also numbered lists. The introductions of most lessons also contain unnumbered lists that briefly describe the topics to be covered. Dialing the rotor to this function allows quick movement between these web page elements.


Punctuation.

Function Type: Behavioral

Default Option:No.

Description:Changes the way VoiceOver handles punctuation when reading.

Available Modes:

Mode. Function.
None. VoiceOver completely ignores punctuation. Sentences run together. Pauses for the comma, colon and other characters are omitted.
Some. This is the most natural sounding way to read. VoiceOver pauses at the end of sentences and for commas. It may speak some characters like parenthesis, dashes and the semi-colon.
All. VoiceOver reads very similar to the way it reads when "None" is selected. However, when VoiceOver encounters a period, it will say the word, "period," and then run right on into the next sentence. It will also speak "colon," "apostrophe," and "hyphen," "asterisk," "dollar sign," and any other special character it encounters." This mode is good for checking punctuation during editing, but not for general reading.

Same Item.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to jump the Current Item to the next or previous item of the same type. For example, if the Current Item is a Button, then the Move Forward gesture advances the Current Item to the next button. The Move Backward gesture moves the Current Item to the previous button.


Search Fields??

Function Type:

Default Option:

Description:


Sounds.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function allows or supresses the sounds the iOS Device makes as the screen is navigated, or the confirmation sounds when a button is pressed. This will NOT suppress rings and tones for incoming phone calls, email messages, or text messages. Keyboard clicks are also not suppressed by this setting. See the table below for sounds affected by this setting. There are two modes; "Sounds On" and "Sounds Off."

Sounds. Function.
Navigation Sounds. The sounds made when the screen is being explored and grid squares or regional boundaries such as the boundaries between the Status Bar, Home Screen, and Dock are traversed.
The "Thunk" Sound. The sound the iOS Device makes when it is not possible to navigate any further in the direction being attempted.
Confirmation Chirp. The sound the iOS Device makes after an icon is activated or a button is pressed to confirm that an Activate gesture was successful.
popup alert Sound. The sound made when a popup appears that requires attention.

Speech Rate.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option: iOS 7.x, iOS8.x.

Description: This rotor function increases or Decreases VoiceOver's speech rate in 5% increments. Most people find between 40 and 60 percent comfortable.


Static Text.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option :No.

Description: When navigating a web page, this function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move quickly between areas of plain text. It skips over images, buttons, links, headings, lists, tables, and embedded objects such as video or sound clips. On a busy web page, this can be helpful to find the text of articles, reviews, and so on.


Tables.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description:this rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move to the beginning of the next or previous table on the web page.


Text Fields.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description:This rotor function causes the Current Item to jump to the next or previous Text Field on a web page or app screen whenever the Move Forward or Backward gesture is performed.


Text Selection.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description: This function is used to select text whenever a Text Field is activated for editing. Some people may find this method of selecting text easier than the Pinch Open and Pinch Closed gestures.

Follow these steps to use this rotor function.

  1. Activate a text field for editing.
  2. Using the Characters, Words and Lines functions of the rotor in combination with the Move forward and Move Backward gestures position the Insertion Point at the beginning of the text you want to select.
  3. Dial the rotor to the Text Selection Function.
  4. Use the Set Mode gesture to select the increment in which you want to select text. Your choices are by Character, Word, Line, and Page. You may also choose Select All.
  5. Once you have chosen the increment for selecting text, use the Next Item gesture to select the text. Use the Next Item gesture to select text, or the Previous Item gesture to deselect text.
  6. Once your text is selected, you can delete or replace it using the typewriter keys, or you can dial the rotor to the Edit function and choose Cut, copy, or other modes.

During the Text Selection process, you can switch between selecting characters, words, lines and pages with the Set Mode gesture. For large blocks of text, it's easier to start selecting with larger increments, and then switch to smaller increments to fine tune the selection.

Discussed In:


Typing Mode.

Function Type: Behavioral

Default Option: Automatic, appears only when a Text Field is activated for editing.

Description:This Rotor function changes the gesture used to type a letter, number, or special character into a text field.

Available Modes:

Mode. Function.
Standard Typing . In this mode an Activate gesture is required to type each letter, punctuation mark or special character.
Touch Typing. In this mode the Explore gesture is used to find the character to be typed. The character is typed when the exploring finger is lifted from the display.
Direct Touch Typing. This mode turns VoiceOver off when you press the typewriter keys, so that using the typewriter keyboard is the same as it is for a sighted person. VoiceOverEasy.net recommends this mode for only experienced keyboard users. VoiceOver still remains on and functional for all other areas of the display.

Discussed In:


Verticle Navigation.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function allows vertical movement on a grid or in a list whenever the Move Forward and Backward gestures are used. For example, if the Home Screen was displayed and the Current Item was in Row 1 column 1, then a Move Forward gesture would move down to row two column 1, it would be necessary to use the Explore or the Previous Item gesture four times to reach that position. With the rotor set to vertical navigation, a single finger flick up moves to the same column of the previous row. A single finger flick down moves to the same column in the next row.


Volume.

Function Type: Behavioral.

Default Option:No.

Description: This rotor function increases or decreases the volume of VoiceOver in five percent increments without affecting the volume of any other sounds. It is very useful when you need to hear VoiceOver over some other sound being made by your iOS Device. For example, you may need to hear VoiceOver while listening to an automated menu system. See Section 5.4 of Basic Phone Features for details.

IMPORTANT: Be careful not to turn the volume of VoiceOver down to zero. Once the volume is set to the desired level, change the rotor to another function to avoid zeroing out VoiceOver.

Discussed In:


Words.

Function Type: Navigational.

Default Option:Yes.

Description:This rotor function causes the Move Forward and Backward gestures to move to the Next and Previous word respectively. A word is a string of letters and/or numbers bounded on each side by a space or other symbol like a quotation mark, a comma, a period, a dash, a colon, or a semi-colon.

The Move Forward gesture will move the insertion point to the end of the word Voiceover speaks. The Move Backward gesture will move the insertion point to the Beginning of the word just spoken.

Discussed In:


Adding Functions to the Rotor.

The rotor has many possible functions. Not all of them are available by default. If there is a function that you would like to add to the rotor, perform these steps:

  1. Launch the Settings Application from theHome Screen.
  2. Pressthe "General"button, which is located in the Settings main menu.
  3. Press the "Accessibility" options button.
  4. Press the "VoiceOver" options button.
  5. Press the "Rotor" options button.
  6. Locate the desired function.
  7. As youExploreover each option, Voiceover will say, "Selected," before some, but not others. When Voiceover says "Selected," it means that the option will appear on the Rotor.

    If you use theNext and Previous Item gestures you will hear the item first, but if you do another next Item gesture, Voiceover will say, "Reorder," followed by the Item Name. This button allows you to use theDrag Gestureto change the order of the item in the list.

  8. If Voiceover didn't say, "Selected," use theSelect gestureto add the desired function to the rotor.

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